What is SharePoint?
It is the business collaboration platform for the enterprise and the web
ü Allows individuals in an organization to easily create and manage their own collaborative Web sites
ü Simplifies how people find and share information across boundaries, and enabling better informed decisions
ü It seamlessly integrates with Windows and MS Office
ü It does not refer to a specific product or technology
ü If we are using the word “Microsoft SharePoint” is like using the word “Microsoft Office”
SharePoint 2013 Architecture
Saving and synchronizing content
When deployed, a user’s My Site document library is the default location for files that Microsoft Office 2013 client applications save. A discovery service identifies the URL of the user’s My Site and offers it as the default location in addition to other locations available for saving files. This promotes the concept of storing files in the document library of a user’s My Site where items can be managed, governed, shared, and moved. This helps reduce the amount of content that other systems, such as email or personal drives, store
A new site template named Community Sites offers a forum experience to categorize and cultivate discussions with a broad group of people across organizations within a company. You can deploy a stand-alone community (shown). Or, you can activate community features on any site, which provides the core Community Site pages, moderation, membership, and reputation functionality within the existing site without creating a separate Community Site.
Search is better integrated with enterprise infrastructure, based on an entirely new engine that combines the simplicity and great default relevance provided by SharePoint Search with the massive scale and extensibility offered by FAST technology. IT can deploy a scalable search architecture that enables users to search remote data sources, navigate enterprise repositories rapidly, and bring more information within reach through new individual search results that are based on how individuals interact with information in their daily work.
PowerPoint Automation Service
Information is at SharePoint score and making that information in a variety of formats leads to broader collaboration and access to improvements in software. SharePoint Server 2013 provides a new PowerPoint Automation Service, which is similar to the current Word Automation Service. The PowerPoint Automation Service can automate conversion of Microsoft PowerPoint presentations to many formats, which promotes a high degree of accessibility, from converting older Office formats to newer Office formats, or to web pages, or PDFs.
Reach more people with new cloud-based translation services that can translate sites and site content. With a full set of API s, REST, and CSOM support, content can be pre-translated when needed, or on the fly by users — asynchronously, synchronously, or streaming,
The Work Management Service provides task aggregation across work management systems, including Microsoft SharePoint, Microsoft Exchange Server, and Microsoft Project Server. For example, users can edit tasks from Exchange Server on a mobile phone, and the Work Management Service aggregates tasks from Exchange Server in the My tasks SharePoint list.
SharePoint Server 2013 brings major advancements to workflows: enterprise features such as fully declarative authoring, REST and Service Bus messaging, elastic scalability, and managed service reliability. SharePoint Server 2013 can use a new workflow service built on the Windows Workflow Foundation components of the .NET Framework 4.5. This new service is called Workflow Manager and it is designed to play a central role in the enterprise. Processes are central to any organization and workflow is the orchestrator of processes. The SharePoint 2010 Workflow platform has been carried forward to SharePoint Server 2013. Workflows that you built by using SharePoint Server 2010 will continue to work in SharePoint Server 2013.
Features deprecated in SharePoint 2013
The visual upgrade feature in SharePoint Server 2010 is not available in SharePoint 2013. For the upgrade from Office SharePoint Server 2007 to SharePoint Server 2010, you could choose to use the visual upgrade feature to give site collection owners and site owners the opportunity to preserve the previous user interface temporarily while still upgrading the infrastructure and databases, site collections, and features to the latest version.
Document Workspace site template
When you create a site in SharePoint 2013, the Document Workspace site template is not available.
Personalization Site template
When you create a site in SharePoint 2013, the Personalization Site template is not available.
Meeting Workspace site templates
When you create a site in SharePoint 2013, all five of the Meeting Workspace site templates are not available. This includes the Basic Meeting Workspace, Blank Meeting Workspace, Decision Meeting Workspace, Social Meeting Workspace, and Multipage Meeting Workspace.
Unghosting and customizing CSS files
The following methods are included in SharePoint 2013, but will be removed from the next major release of SharePoint:
The Webs.CustomizeCss method applies style sheet customization to a particular file.
The Webs.RevertCss method reverts style sheet customization of a file to the default style sheet.
These two methods are stored in Webs.asmx.cs and are defined in Webswsdl.asps.
Imaging Web service
The Imaging Web service provides functionality for creating and managing picture libraries. The Imaging Web service will be removed from the next major release of SharePoint. The Imaging Web service is included and supported in SharePoint 2013.